Elevated hemoglobin is often observed in those people who are professionally involved in sports. Low hemoglobin is much more common than high hemoglobin.
The causes of elevated hemoglobin are numerous. In addition to active physical activity, increased hemoglobin can be observed in people living in high mountainous areas. In such an area, the air is usually discharged, which causes increased hemoglobin. Knowing the causes of elevated hemoglobin is necessary to determine how to reduce the concentration of hemoglobin in the blood. First, it should be established whether this increase in hemoglobin is a symptom of any disease of the blood system and hematopoietic organs. It is impossible to establish this on your own, so you need to contact a specialist who will conduct all the necessary studies and make a conclusion.
Meanwhile, a person can feel an increase in hemoglobin in the blood on their own, since with an increase in this protein in the blood serum, blood pressure indicators increase, a person begins to suffer from sleep disorders, the skin turns red, and general well-being worsens. Elevated hemoglobin indicates an unsatisfactory state of the blood, which can cause serious consequences.
With an increase in the hemoglobin content in the blood, the blood acquires a greater viscosity and density, which prevents its normal movement through the vessels. These phenomena can lead to the formation of blood clots and blood clots and, as a result, blockage of blood vessels, heart attacks and strokes.
Among the most common causes of elevated hemoglobin should be noted:
– insufficiency of blood vessels and heart, pulmonary system;
– increased blood density;
– intestinal obstruction;
– pathologies of the heart and blood vessels of a congenital nature;
– oncological diseases;
– an increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood serum, called erythrocytosis;
– an increase in the concentration of hemoglobin in the blood plasma, called hemoglobinemia.
Before the implementation of measures to reduce the concentration of hemoglobin, it is necessary to make a diagnosis based on the results of a blood test. Normal indicators of hemoglobin in the blood are: for women – from 120 to 140, for men – from 135 to 160. Elevated hemoglobin is determined when the norm increases by 20 or more.
Increased hemoglobin is corrected by limiting the penetration into the body of proteins and iron of animal origin, which contribute to an increase in hemoglobin. Such products are considered – red meat and meat offal, cereals and red berries, and so on. Often, when limiting the intake of these foods, hemoglobin in the blood returns to normal.
In addition, subject to an increase in hemoglobin, fat intake should be limited, since, under the condition of high blood density and viscosity, fats can provoke the formation of cholesterol plaques. With increased hemoglobin, it is recommended to prefer fish and seafood, which include fatty acids that help thin the blood.
In other words, before lowering hemoglobin in the blood, it is necessary with the help of a specialist to determine the causes of high hemoglobin. After that, a special diet is prescribed, taking certain medications that make the blood more fluid.
Taking into account the potential complications of elevated hemoglobin, you should not postpone visiting a specialist who will conduct all the necessary examinations, establish the causes of elevated hemoglobin and prescribe adequate treatment.